Acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a digestive condition that can affect all age groups. It occurs when the stomach acid or bile flows backwards up into the esophagus and irritates the lining. GERD occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter or muscle that prevents food from moving back up does not work correctly.
Signs of GERD include pain in the chest and nausea after eating. There is no one cause of GERD, but there are several risk factors that increase the chances of GERD including alcohol use, obesity, pregnancy, scleroderma, smoking and hiatal hernia.
An otolaryngologist or ENT specialist can provide diagnosis and prescribe treatment such as lifestyle changes or medication. GERD can lead to complications such as a chronic cough or an ulcer in the esophagus if it’s not treated. If you or someone you care for is experiencing symptoms of GERD, please contact our North Sioux City office at (605) 217-4320 to schedule an appointment.